What is nosebleed fever and how is it spread? Everything you need to know about CCHFV

Nosebleed fever, also known as Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV), has caused panic after the recent detection of cases. In an AFP report last week, the World Health Organization said that this year Iraq has recorded 19 deaths among 111 cases of CCHF in humans. Recently, media reported that India had recorded two cases of nasal fever, including the death of a 55-year-old woman.

Increase in cases in Iraq

Haidar Hantouche, health official in Dhi Qar province, “The number of registered cases is unprecedented”. The spike in cases in Iraq this year has shocked officials as the number far exceeds cases recorded in the 43 years since the virus was first documented in the country in 1979.

Only 16 cases resulting in seven deaths had been recorded in 2021 in his province, said Mr. Hantouche. But this year, Dhi Qar has recorded 43 cases, including eight deaths.

How does it spread?

Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever is spreading from animals to humans.

According to the World Health Organization, “animals are infected by the bite of infected ticks”.

“The CCHF virus is transmitted to humans either through tick bites or through contact with blood or tissues of infected animals during and immediately after slaughter,” the global health body added.

What are the symptoms?

The WHO has listed some of the common symptoms of the rare nosebleed fever infection as: fever, chills, chills, myalgia, headache, nausea and vomiting, abdominal pain and arthralgia.

Is it deadly?

An AFP report noted that the virus has no vaccine. According to doctors, the onset can be rapid, causing severe internal and external bleeding, especially from the nose. It causes death in two-fifths of cases.

The WHO has stated that it is endemic in Africa, Asia, the Middle East and the Balkans, the mortality rate of CCHF is between 10 and 40%.

“Mortality seems to be decreasing”

Ahmed Zouiten, who is the WHO representative in Iraq, said there were several “hypotheses” for the outbreak in the country. They understood the spread of ticks in the absence of livestock spraying campaigns during Covid in 2020 and 2021.

Quoted by the AFP news agency, he said that “very cautiously, we attribute part of this epidemic to global warming, which has lengthened the period of multiplication of ticks”.

He further added that “mortality appears to be decreasing” as the country has launched a spraying campaign while new hospital treatments have shown “good results”.

Case in India

India has recorded two cases of nasal fever, including the death of a woman. As quoted by India-based media, The New Indian Express, in a June 4 report, top scientists from the Indian Council of Medical Research-National Institute of Virology (ICMR-NIV) said the country is fully equipped to manage the virus. which can lead to an epidemic.

In India, both cases were reported in the western state of Gujarat. The two cases were reported from Bhavnagar in Gujarat in March and April respectively.

Dr Pragya Yadav, who is the scientist and group leader of the Maximum Containment Laboratory at NIV, Pune, told the newspaper.


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Post expires at 3:10pm on Thursday June 16th, 2022

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