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Nearly 5 million people displaced in India due to climate change and disasters in 2021: UN

Nearly five million people in India were internally displaced due to climate change and disasters in 2021, the United Nations said in a report.

The UN Refugee Agency’s (UNHCR) annual global trends report has highlighted that 100 million people around the world were forced to flee their homes last year due to violence, human rights abuses, human rights, food insecurity, the climate crisis, the war in Ukraine and other emergencies in Africa. to Afghanistan.

According to the Internal Displacement Monitor (IDMC), in 2021 there were 23.7 million new internal displacements worldwide due to disasters (these are in addition to those displaced due to conflict and violence ). This represents a decrease of seven million, or 23%, from the previous year, according to the report.

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“The largest disaster displacements in 2021 occurred in China (6.0 million), the Philippines (5.7 million) and India (4.9 million). during the year were temporary,” he said.

The majority of internally displaced people returned to their areas of origin, but 5.9 million people worldwide remained displaced by the end of the year due to disasters, the report added.

The UN agency said the number of people forced to flee their homes has increased every year for the past decade and is at the highest level since records began, a trend that can only be reversed by a new concerted push towards the restoration of peace.

At the end of 2021, people displaced by war, violence, persecution and human rights violations stood at 89.3 million, up 8% from the previous year and well more than double the figure of 10 years ago, according to the report.

While the latest global trends report reflects the period from January 2021 to December 2021, the UN agency said it was impossible to ignore developments that occurred in early 2022, including war. Russian against Ukraine.

“Since then, the Russian invasion of Ukraine ‘causing the fastest and one of the largest forced displacement crisis since World War II’ and other emergencies, from Africa to the ‘Afghanistan and beyond pushed the figure above the dramatic 100 million mark,’ the report said.

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The report states that by the end of 2021, 89.3 million people were forcibly displaced worldwide, including 27.1 million refugees, 21.3 million UNHCR-mandated refugees, 5.8 million Palestinian refugees under the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA). ), 53.2 million internally displaced persons, 4.6 million asylum seekers and 4.4 million Venezuelans displaced abroad.

Asylum seekers filed 1.4 million new applications. The United States of America was the world’s largest recipient of new individual applications (188,900), followed by Germany (148,200), Mexico (132,700), Costa Rica (108,500) and France (90,200).

As of May 2022, more than 100 million people have been forcibly displaced around the world due to persecution, conflict, violence, human rights violations or events seriously disturbing public order.

“Every year of the past decade the numbers have climbed,” said UN High Commissioner for Refugees Filippo Grandi.

“Either the international community unites to take action to address this human tragedy, resolve the conflicts and find lasting solutions, or this terrible trend will continue.

The past year has been marked by the number of conflicts that have intensified and new ones that have erupted; According to the World Bank, 23 countries, with a combined population of 850 million people, have experienced conflict of medium or high intensity.

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The UN agency said food shortages, inflation and the climate crisis were compounding people’s hardship. The number of refugees rose in 2021 to 27.1 million. Arrivals have increased in Uganda, Chad and Sudan among others, he added.

“Most of the refugees were, once again, hosted by neighboring countries with few resources. The number of asylum seekers reached 4.6 million, up 11%,” the report said.

Last year also saw the 15th consecutive annual increase in the number of people internally displaced by conflict, to 53.2 million. This increase is due to the rise of violence or conflicts in some places, for example in Myanmar.

The conflict in Ethiopia’s Tigray and other regions has caused millions of people to flee within the country. Insurgencies in the Sahel have led to further internal displacement, particularly in Burkina Faso and Chad.

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Post expires at 5:59am on Monday June 27th, 2022